Arctium lappa, commonly called greater burdock, gobō (牛蒡/ゴボウ), edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons, thorny burr, or happy major is a Eurasian species of plants in the Aster family, cultivated in gardens for its root used as a vegetable.It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions. Nightshades contain a compound called atropine, which can affect the autonomic nervous system. The first year, it doesn’t grow tall or bloom; it grows leaves and accumulates food reserves in roots, like a carrot (also a biennial). Those large burr tangles are one of the toughest grooming jobs, so if you can, try to chop down, mow, or pull up burdock plants in the spring or early summer before they flower and grow their frustrating burrs. Some equines seem to actually enjoy thistle flowers (it works for Eeyore), but certain varieties can be toxic. The burdock’s very effective method of seed dispersal ensures that the plant can spread quickly. Chopping or mowing is effective, but you must do it at the right time or the plant will regrow from the root. Keep in mind that a poisonous tree doesn’t have to be in or directly next to a pasture in order to become a problem, as wind can carry leaves, seeds, and branches a good distance under the right conditions. As a result, horses who over-indulge in buttercups may suffer from blisters in their mouths or mild to severe digestive issues. Photo courtesy of Heather Thomas. Fly masks might help keep horses’ eyes protected,” she says. “Fall is a good time to spray burdock (as long as it isn’t water-stressed) to kill young plants that are storing food reserves for next year’s growth. It can be expensive to treat an animal for this eye problem because it takes sedation and local anesthetic (and a few weeks of follow-up treatment), so prevention is important. Always do this prior to turning out horses in a new area for the first time, and continue to watch for encroaching weeds. It’s almost impossible to find the microscopic sliver with an on-farm examination. Differences in government policies and climate make Progressive Dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north. Dogs can eat burdock root, as there is nothing poisonous or toxic about (quite different than grapes which can kill them). Chickens, pigs, cows, horses, sheep and goats also can benefit from eating dried stinging nettle. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Additionally, try to avoid feeding hay with milkweed in it. And while milkweed may be a fine food source for young caterpillars, it’s definitely not fine fodder for horses, and not something you want to see growing in your pasture. Be an essential resource for the innovative beef cattle producer. Burdock is also the second half of the British drink Dandelion and Burdock. “I have good success treating these eyes just presuming the burdock sliver is caught in one of those areas. Copyright © 2020 EG Media Investments LLC. Happily, many horses tend to leave milkweed alone, but eliminating it entirely is a better option. The ASPCA say they are non-toxic to horses: https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/toxic-and-non-toxic-plants/orange-day-lily. “The best time is after the stalk is budding but before burrs are ripe. Burdock, also known as gobo or Arctium lappa, is a edible plant native to Asia, although it now grows wild over much of North America and Europe and is considered a weed by many gardeners. At any rate, you don’t want thistle prickles to get stuck in your horse’s lips or tongue. After the stalk comes up, it is harder to kill. The horse liked it before it flowered, the cows liked it before it flowered too. These tips should give you a starting point, but every region has its own list of concerns, and some plants can be hard to identify. Burdock is infinitely edible, that is both the plant and the root can be eaten. Ripe burrs from the burdock plant have microscopic sharp "slivers" that may float in the air if a burr is shattered. post #2 of 7 Old 05-19-2014, 05:39 PM. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. “A large plant can produce 200,000 to 400,000 seeds that may survive two to 10 years. Harmful Plant: Burdock and Thistle The biennial burdock is not technically a toxic plant for horses to eat, but its presence can cause other health concerns. You have entered an incorrect email address! Join Date: Jan 2011. What is Equine Cushings Disease?. 6. Burdock’s can make two claims to fame: It was in the original recipe for root beer, and, was the inspiration for velcro. Bracken ferns often grow in the transitional areas between woods and fields, and if a horse consumes large amounts of the ferns, it can cause a vitamin B1 deficiency, which in turn can lead to various neurological symptoms. I sedate the horse heavily, prop its head up on bales of hay and use a topical and local anesthetic so the horse doesn’t feel anything. Some of the best inventions are inspired by nature. Burdock and cocklebur produce prickly seed heads that stick to manes, tails and fetlock hair. The Burdock plant … If the burs come into contact with your horse’s mouth by becoming attached to nearby fur or if accidentally eaten, they can cause trauma to mouth and tongue tissues. Dr. Don Morishita with the University of Idaho’s weed science department, says the best way to control burdock is to attack when it’s most vulnerable. His favorite is probably Misty (1961). Mowing is one way to control the plant, as this may encourage grass growth which will help choke out the buttercups; overgrazing an area may in turn encourage the buttercups. Burdock is easiest to kill the first year, in the rosette stage (circular cluster of leaves, no tall stalk). Wads of burrs encase a cow’s tail and ears. Posted via Mobile Device. The affected animal has tell-tale burrs stuck to the hair coat. In moderation and only if the bread was not made with ingredients that are dangerous for horses. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. Saddlebag. Only under unusual circumstances! Fresh burdock root can often be found in health stores and Asian specialty stores. Equine Cushings Disease (ECD) also known as Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (PPID) is caused by dysfunction … It’s fairly easy to remove by hand-pulling; just be sure to wear gloves. Besides watching out for wild plants, don’t forget about ornamental and garden plants that people may plant near homes, garages, and other areas of the property. What is the reference for daylilies being suspect? Milkweed is popular with monarch butterflies as a place to lay their eggs—in fact, it’s the only place monarch butterflies lay eggs. The sliver is so small that the tools used by a veterinarian to examine an eye (focal light and magnifying lens) may not be powerful enough to locate and identify the foreign object. Blood is not a problem on the surface of the eye, so it doesn’t matter if there’s some bleeding from that membrane after I scrape it,” she says. This way, the plant thinks it has produced seeds and shouldn't grow again. If a sliver gets into an eye, it can cause inflammation. A person could try it, however, if burrs are stuck to their cattle, horses or pets,” Ralph says. Bread contains a lot of calories, but not a lot of the nutrients that horses need. Some additional plants to beware of include: It’s a good idea to perform periodic checks of your pastures to make sure that no toxic plants have gained a foothold unnoticed and can be in reach of your horses. If possible, it’s also a good idea to inspect a bale or two of hay before you buy it. An untreated eye may eventually resolve because the body’s inflammatory reaction dissolves the tiny sliver. Mowing is one way to control the plant, as this may encourage grass growth which will help choke out the buttercups; overgrazing an area may in turn encourage the buttercups. “I have a theory – my clinical impression – that what happens when the tiny sliver gets into an eye is more than just a mechanical irritation. It can grow more than 5 feet tall and its huge, expansive, heart-shaped leaves can reach over a foot in length. Provide content to help all segments of the cattle industry produce successful and healthy livestock. So good to know there’s a real purpose besides giving my horses unruly hairdos! Dan’s barn is home to Summer, a Welsh/TB cross, Orion, a Welsh Cob, and Mati and Amos, two Welsh Mountain Ponies. The entire buttercup plant is toxic, although the yellow flowers (when present) are the most potent. Burdock is a biennial; it lives for two growing seasons. When using herbicides to kill burdock, don’t overdo it. This should kill the plant. Burdock is considered to be safe to eat, but you should only buy it from reputable sellers and should never collect it in the wild. The biennial burdock is not technically a toxic plant for horses to eat, but its presence can cause other health concerns. Bran has little nutrition, so there are much better things to feed a horse than bran or bran mashes. Some plants can be quite toxic to horses, so it’s important to watch out for them in pastures and hay. Burdock root products contain the fresh or dried root of the burdock plant. It’s very important to educate yourself on miniature horse care so that you can keep them healthy and happy. Fly masks might help keep horses’ eyes protected,” she says. Many need to be eaten in large doses to cause much of an effect, while others require only a few mouthfuls. Burdock a sticky eye issue for cattle and horses, Ask the Consultant: ‘Winterizing’ your cows: Nutrition going into the dormant season, On the Edge of Common Sense: Pleasure horse, Industry feedyard audit tool now available, Record production in second-half 2020; 2021 unchanged. I consider myself, among other things, a former horse mechanic. Many people may be surprised to learn that bran mashes are not recommended except as an occasional treat. ), trees can also offer a windbreak in winter and valuable shade during the hottest summer days. I have also seen it in other parts of the eye, such as the junction between the white part of the eye and the cornea, but at least 85 percent of cases are a sliver caught under the nictitans,” says Dwyer. As with buttercups, one way to keep milkweed at bay is to avoid overgrazing your pastures and to routinely mow areas where the plant wants to grow. Oak leaves and acorns can be problematic since they contain tannin, although a horse would need to consumer a large amount of material before symptoms would occur. Still, when broken, milkweeds release a milky (no surprise there) substance that contains galitoxin and cardenolides, and it doesn’t take a very large amount of milkweed to be poisonous to horses. By the time the owner brings us the horse, there may be a granuloma type of reaction (like the pink raised area on the eyeball in pinkeye),” she says. A Swiss engineer developed Velcro after examining the microscopic hooks on the ends of these spines. Ann Dwyer, DVM (Genesee Valley Equine Clinic, Scottsville, New York), says burdock is a frequent problem, especially in pastures that aren’t mowed. You want a slower kill so leaves survive long enough to transfer herbicide down into the root to kill the whole plant,” he explains. For horses, the plant’s burrs can easily become entangled in their coats, manes, and tails, and can occasionally cause skin or eye irritation. Besides adding beauty to your farm property and ambience to your pastures (what’s nicer than a few horses grazing happily under a single large tree? The foliage may be toxic to rabbits. An untreated eye may eventually resolve because the body’s inflammatory reaction dissolves the tiny sliver. If the sliver remains embedded, the constant irritation and damage usually results in the cornea turning blue, often with a white spot or ulceration in the irritated area. Use a broad-leaf herbicide like 2,4-D that can move down into the root. For comprehensive information (e.g. In cattle the first thing you notice is the eye held shut, running tears. “You can actually hand pull it out if the soil is moist, and this is often a good approach,” she says. The burrs are what you will find sticking to your clothing as you walk through your horse's field. Burdock is a common weed native to Europe and Asia. If you have thistle or burdock in your pasture you might notice your horse’s infatuation with these plants. Another toxic plant for horses is Milkweed. The food is going up, and it’s harder to get the herbicide down into the root.”. We use cookies to help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience. Burdock contains many vitamins, minerals, fiber, flavonoids, tannisn, essential oils, polyacetylene and phytosterols. © Copyright 2020 Progressive Cattle. The sliver is usually caught under the lid and scratches the eye at every blink. There are a vast number of plants located throughout Canada that are toxic to horses in some respect. When applied directly to the skin, it can cause a rash. There are two times when you can cut down burdock to stop its growth. If you spray in the fall, you are killing this year’s rosettes – plants that would mature and create burrs next year. “I’ve found that almost any topical antibiotic is sufficient to deal with possible infection while the eye is healing. Burdock's butter taste keeps most mammals away, although livestock and deer will eat it if they have little else. “You have to spray early to get the second-year plant. The gripping part has stripes, which give it just enough abrasiveness to provide the force needed without cutting. BOTTOM: Since burdock is biennial, its conditions will take two years of control among livestock. How It’s Used. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. My goats like it too. This monthly publication is tailored for all segments of the beef industry and consistently provides compelling features and photography, timely news, expert industry voices and entertaining commentary. misspaperwait is offline Quote Quick Reply. Our experts will call you on your preferred time. A native of Eurasia, this hardy plant was brought to North America by burrs stuck in the hair of imported animals. Since it starts to grow earlier than many other annuals, its leaves can provide an early treat and a vitamin boost for chickens, rabbits, goats, cows and sheep. Early in the spring, use a sharp spade to chop the first leaves popping up at soil level. A few problem trees include: The leaves of maple trees—and in particular red maples—can be unhealthy for horses. Another plant that is toxic to horses are bracken ferns. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) ... .we have Burdock growing ALL over the place. TOP: Spraying burdock early will prevent it from growing too tall. You can even eat the stalk of a burdock plant, although this requires a quick boil. That concoction is even more bitter than Moxie, which is flavored with gentian root. We were trying to gradually cut them back but progress was slow. “Apply spray when the plant is putting food into the root; you have to get herbicide into the root to kill the plant. We haven't had horses in the field for a while and burdock and thistles and HUGE bushes that are prickly like thistles, but have burrs (some are almost 6' tall) were growing in the field. Even though you chop or spray the plants, there may be viable seed in the ground.”. Burdock has a mild diaphoretic action which assists in eliminating any build up of toxins via the skin and disperses excess nervous energy in a … Read our, The magazine for people who are passionate about horses. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) self-seeds copiously and comes up in dense mats. These are what gives Burdock it’s various medicinal properties. The plant is sending food up from the roots instead of down, according to Morishita. This isn’t actually a toxic plant, it’s really just a dangerous one. Seek professional advice on spraying to remove from grazing areas. While burdock can be incorporated into your normal recipes, I can assure you that knowing how to cook and eat burdock can give you some badly needed nutrients in a survival scenario as well. Heather Smith Thomas is a freelance writer based in Idaho. Despite its name, poisoning from nightshade is not normally fatal to horses but can cause unconsciousness, dilation of the pupils and convulsions. Burdock is a biennial plant, meaning it takes two years to complete its life cycle. If ingested the burrs can do a great deal of damage to the upper gastrointestinal tract. If you choose to feed them to your dog, only small cooked amounts are recommended. Create an open forum for industry discussion and an easy-to-read magazine of expert information about the beef industry. Can horses eat bread? “We see eye problems starting about August, when burrs become ripe,” she says. Sometimes I have to treat twice, and I presume that I just didn’t get the tiny sliver the first time.”. A lot of people get miniature horses because they are easy to manage, they’re cute, they eat less and they don’t require as much room as a big horse. In about 90 percent of these cases, one treatment is enough and the condition resolves. 5  Horses eat a lot of fiber in their normal diet, so adding bran can actually affect the gut flora. This exhausts food reserves in the root, and the plant usually dies after burrs mature. Definitely avoid planting these species, and you might even consider taking down existing trees if you’re building a new pasture in their vicinity. If you spray early in the spring, you kill new sprouts and last year’s rosettes (plants that are trying to create more food reserves in their root for their big push to complete second-year growth and make burrs). Buttercups are poisonous to horses if eaten fresh, but a horse would need to eat large amounts to die from eating them. Eat it! They haven’t touched them all year and now they are eating on them every day. There are a variety of resources on plants toxic to livestock, but the Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System seems to be the most comprehensive. The large lobe-like leaves look like overgrown Rhubarb leaves. Seedheads mature by mid-August in southern areas and later in northern climates. Buttercups. Mostly Milk Thistle and burdock root are real appealing to horses. In some cases, the dried version may not be as toxic—as is the case with buttercups—but they still aren’t desirable and should be avoided if possible. By contrast, in spring the second-year plant is taking food from its roots to produce leaves, tall stalk and blooms. “I use a hemostat – a surgical instrument with a little gripper. I open it up, put the open jaw against my thumb and use it like a person would use a butter knife to scrape something. By navigating the site, you agree to the use of cookies to collect information. But as nice as they are, not all trees are of equal value to horse owners, since some tree leaves are poisonous if ingested by horses. “Most cases in horses occur underneath the nictitans (third eyelid membrane). Daniel Johnson is a freelance writer and professional photographer, and watcher of horse movies. Varieties of thistle are similarly annoying, with sometimes fierce prickles growing all along the plant. When ripe, the burrs contain hundreds of tiny hooked slivers. A sliver may embed in the eyelid, where it scratches the eye every time the animal blinks, or under the third eyelid, creating an ulcer on the eyeball. Burdocks—which go by a host of other names—are those large-leafed bushes that look a bit like rhubarb, grow a few feet tall, and put out burrs with tiny hooks that stick to everything. There are several different types of sagebrush found in the United States, especially in the western states. Now days, whether it’s due to how we manage our horses or something else, Cushings is a common condition. While most of the time horses can eat sage without having a problem, it cannot be the main ingredient in their diet. “The irritant (the sliver) is impossible to see, even with my biomicroscope, but could be in the cornea or caught in the mucosa of the nictitans, scratching across the eye. Cattlemen have treated these eyes with topical medication, injections of antibiotic/anti-inflammatory drugs into the inside membrane of the eyelid, and stitching the eye shut. Burdocks—which go by a host of other names—are those large-leafed bushes that look a bit like rhubarb, grow a few feet tall, and put out burrs with tiny hooks that stick to everything. Several broad-leaf herbicides will kill burdock if applied properly, says Morishita. “The good thing about burdock is that it is a plant that people can remove,” says Gail Wallin, executive director of the council. Please try again. Do wild horses eat birds? Cardoon stems were all green, and burdock had some red on the stem. Special Precautions & Warnings: please check out our Burdock PDF magazine.. The root survives to regrow. Your vet or a knowledgeable local agricultural extension agent are helpful resources for any questions or concerns you have about plants or trees that may be in your horse’s environment. The burrs of this plant aren’t toxic, but … Controlling burdock. Burdock Removal and Control. A guide to some of the toxic plants that your horse might encounter in the pasture. Horses don’t typically like the taste of nightshades, but they might be tempted to eat the stems and leaves of these plants—the most toxic parts—if they have access to them in the pasture. Recognized mainly for its burrs, burdock is an interesting biennial plant because it consists primarily of carbohydrates, volatile oils, … All Rights Reserved. There may be some chemical influence that makes it more irritating to the eye,” she says. You can eliminate burr problems by chopping the plant before it’s mature enough to make seeds. Thank you for choosing this service. In fact, the invention of Velcro was inspired by burdocks when Swiss engineer George de Mestral examined the burrs under a microscope after a walk in the woods. Luckily, buttercups (in theory) taste quite terrible, so most horses will avoid the plant unless there is little else to munch on. Burdock stems were bitter when cooked. All rights reserved. This wonderful clinging ability is great for kids’ boot closures and other uses – but not so great when burrs stick to your clothes, gloves or animals’ hair. You can also make a burdock tincture to help with sore throats and other inflammatory conditions. “If you use too much, it quickly kills the leaves and doesn’t get down into the taproot. Guest. These timely themes deliver information relevant to forage producers and other forage professionals to help them be more successful and profitable in their areas of operation. There is error while submitting your request. The magazine is published monthly with a sizeable portion of articles unique to Canadians. Of course, you can eat the boiled stems without the batter and frying, but it might taste too ‘healthy’ for most people. Progressive Dairy magazine combines current news and events, market reports and industry trends with dairy management and production articles, publishing information dairy producers can rely on to help serve their farms’ needs. User; Horses . It looks a lot like pinkeye, but burdock irritation is common in fall/winter whereas pinkeye is a summer problem. Horses that eat a significant amount of sage, especially sand sage and fringed sage will experience intoxication. As a child one of my favorite soft drinks was “dandelion and burdock”. You’ll find various species of milkweed growing across much of North America, though it’s absent from most of the Southwest, and not all species have the same level of toxicity. The cornea may become inflamed and ulcerated; the eye may turn cloudy and have a white spot or pink bulge. Rather than merely looking at the areas between each flake, you may want to actually tear a flake open to quickly check the interior for obvious weeds. The idea for Velcro, a handy closure replacing zippers, buttons, tying, etc., came from observing tenacious seedheads of the burdock plant. Reply. While other effects of walnut tree exposure may not be as severe, walnuts are a definitely a tree to keep away from your horses. The infection resolves over time as the tiny sliver dissolves and the body gets rid of it, but heals quicker with medication. In cattle, the problem may be mistaken for pinkeye, but pinkeye is a summer problem when face flies spread infection from animal to animal. You may also like: 16 Wild Edibles You Didn’t Know You Could Forage For. A burdock sliver is often called a pappus. Pastures that are in full sun and away from wooded areas will likely be free of ferns. You can also peel, slice and eat it raw with a little sea salt, or you can pickle it. “In large pastures (such as rangeland), there may not be a practical way to control burdock, but in smaller pastures like we have here in the East, it can be eliminated by chopping or spraying. This article originally appeared in the May 2019 issue of Horse Illustrated magazine. Horses’ manes and tails become matted. At that point the food reserves are so low in the root that it cannot regrow,” says Morishita. Please let us know a convenient time to call you on, (*All time slots are available in CDT zone.). Dr. Don Morishita with the University of Idaho’s weed science department, says the best way to control burdock is to attack when it’s most vulnerable. Horses and horse owners both love trees near pastures. It may take several years to eradicate. It is a plant of waste places, fields and waysides. ... My horses find most of the burdock plants in our pasture. distinctive seed head The root can be used externally in a poultice to speed up the healing of wounds, sores, boils or any septic conditions. Miniature horses do have different needs than big horses when it comes to their care. You can purchase fresh burdock root and include it in a vegetable stir-fry or stew. Ring necked pheasants eat some burdock seeds, but they're not a primary food source. He’s the author of several books, including How to Raise Horses: Everything You Need to Know, (Voyageur Press, 2014). Perhaps you can help. Is there any tricks to getting out easier? “Often the inside layer of the mucosa of the nictitans has a local blood vessel pattern that looks like rivers and their tributaries. Geez, I can’t remember ever hearing the word Cushings back when I had my big barn (well, it was 25 years ago but still!). Our pasture is loaded with burdock and our two horses manes are always loaded in it! 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Stuck in the root is pointing the way to where something is buried and causing the.... Go my dad, grandfather and I would search northern new Jersey for cardoon burdock seeds but... From its roots to produce leaves, cut it down just as it begins flower! Among the tallest and most space consuming herbs, sporting extraordinarily big leaves as well as the stickiest burrs existing... The yellow flowers ( it works for Eeyore ), but heals quicker with medication is! On a particular topic area within the Forage industry are inspired by nature sometimes I have get... Expansive, heart-shaped leaves can reach over a foot in length resolve because the body s. Of sagebrush found in health stores and Asian specialty stores quite toxic to are... Cushings Disease? prickles growing all along the plant already has leaves cut..., tails and fetlock hair be an essential resource for the innovative beef cattle producer and ranching.... To treat twice, and website in this browser for the next I! Sage without having a problem, it can grow more than 5 feet and! S really just a dangerous one herbicide into the root to kill herb can be eaten when they carnivores! Plant can spread quickly inspection of each flake before feeding purpose besides giving my horses most. Keep horses ’ eyes protected, ” she says can move down into the root can often be in... Food reserves in the United States, especially sand sage and fringed sage will experience intoxication blood are. Method of seed dispersal ensures that the plant can produce 200,000 to 400,000 seeds that may float the... The way to where something is buried and causing the irritation the use of cookies collect... Benefit from eating them, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc..... Mowing is effective, but you must do it at the right time or the plant the! We were careful to differentiate them from burdock by stem color cows, horses, sheep and goats can... Down, according to Morishita kill them ) ulcerated ; the eye at every blink n't grow again plants! Fiber, flavonoids, tannisn, essential oils, polyacetylene and phytosterols are so low in the western.. You Could Forage for some chemical influence that makes it more irritating to the eye held shut, tears! Originally appeared in the spring, use a sharp spade to chop the first thing you is. Before burrs are what gives burdock it ’ s a real purpose besides giving my horses unruly hairdos may surprised! The biennial burdock is a great substitute for over-the-counter medications like Pepto when... Great substitute for over-the-counter medications like Pepto Bismol when your stomach is upset that point the is... T know you Could Forage for should n't grow again ingredient in their vicinity ; the held... And measure ads, and be careful as you walk through your horse ’ s various medicinal properties favorite drinks...